Kala-azar Elimination Programme

Kala-azar is a vector-borne disease caused by parasite Leishmania donovani, transmitted by the sand fly, Phlebotomusargentipes. The disease is characterized by fever for more than two weeks with spleenomegaly, anaemia, and progressive weight loss and sometimes darkening of the skin. In the endemic areas, children and young adults are its principal victims. The disease is fatal if it is not treated timely. Kala-azar and HIV/TB co-infections have emerged as a health problem in recent years.

The government of Nepal has committed to the regional strategy to eliminate Kala-azar, and is a signatory (along with India and Bangladesh) of the memorandum of understanding that was formalized during the World Health Assembly 2005 on Kala-azar elimination. The target of this memorandum is achieving Kala-azar disease elimination by 2015. In 2005, Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD) of Department of Health Services also formulated a National Plan for the Elimination of Kala-azar, which is divided into three phases:

  • Preparatory Phase: 2005-2008
  • Attack Phase: 2008-2015
  • Consolidation Phase: 2015 onwards.

The target is to reduce the annual incidence of Kala-azar to less than 1 per 10,000 populations at the district level by 2015.

Over the last decade, there have been some significant advances both in the diagnosis and treatment of Kala-azar. The rK39 dipstick test kit, a rapid and easily applicable serological test has been widely used in the Indian subcontinent including Nepal. The national programme to eliminate KA in Nepal has made this test kit available up to PHC level of programme districts.

Programme Implemented by

Disease Control Section

Epidemiology and Disease Control Division

Department of Health Services (DoHS)

Teku, Kathmandu

T : 01-4255796

F : 01-4262268

W: http://www.edcd.gov.np

Message from Hon'ble Minister

Website of Ministry of Health and Population is a stepping stone to unearth new avenues of information concerns of stakeholders and different actors. This website will try to bridge information gap between different actors in regard to the activities of our organization. I welcome you all to provide invaluable feedback and suggestions to make this website beneficial to everyone concerned.

Hon'ble Mr. Hridayesh Tripathi

Asst. Information Officer

Ganesh Shreevastav
Sr. Health Education Officer
Phone No: 9848438654


  info (@) mohp.gov.np
  +977- 014262543, 4262802
 Ramshahpath, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keep in Touch via Social Media